Foot Ulcer Care

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ULCER is an open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane which fails to heal.

Ulcers range from small, painful sores in the mouth to bedsores and serious lesions of the stomach or intestine.

What is a foot ulcer

A foot ulcer is an open sore on the foot.

A foot ulcer can be a shallow red scar  that involves only the surface skin. A foot ulcer also can be very deep. A deep foot ulcer may be a wound  that extends through the full thickness of the skin. It may involve tendons, bones and other deep structures.

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People with diabetes and people with poor circulation are more likely to develop foot ulcers. It can be difficult to heal a foot ulcer. In people with these conditions, even a small foot ulcer can become infected if it does not heal quickly.

If an infection occurs in an ulcer and is not treated right away, it can develop into:

An abscess (a pocket of pus)
A spreading infection of the skin and underlying fat (cellulitis)
A bone infection (osteomyelitis)
Gangrene. Gangrene is an area of dead, darkened body tissue caused by poor blood flow.

here is how you can take care of it at home

Debridement

Debridement is the process to remove dead skin and tissue. The skin surrounding the wound is cleaned and disinfected.
Apply wet to dry dressings to the area to pull off dead tissue.

Taking pressure off your foot ulcer

Foot ulcers are partly caused by too much pressure on one part of your foot.Be sure to wear shoes that do not put a lot of pressure on only one part of your foot

Wound care and dressings

Keep your blood sugar level under tight control. This helps you heal faster.
Keep the ulcer clean and bandaged.
Cleanse the wound daily, using a wound dressing or bandage.
Try to take fewer steps.
Do not walk barefoot .

if these dont help its time to go to the doctor for these treatments

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Ozone therapy – there is only limited and poor-quality information available regarding the effectiveness of ozone therapy for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes.

Growth factors – there is some low-quality evidence that growth factors may increase the likelihood that diabetic foot ulcers will heal completely.