The Global Wild Life Population has drastically fallen by 58 per cent since 1970 and is expected to see some of the wild animals to go extinct by the year 2020. The Living Planet Assessment by two major bodies Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has suggested the above report.
They also said that if the trend goes on to continue then the decline could reach 2/3rds among the vertebrates by just four more years , that is by 2020. So the animals whose natural habitat includes lakes , rivers and wetlands will be suffering this biggest loss.
The major source for this extinction is nothing more than the human activity , which includes Habitat Loss , Illegal Wildlife Trade , Pollution and Climate Change. This has caused such a rapid decline in the Global Wildlife Population.
Talking to the Head of Science and Policy at WWF , Dr.Mike Barrett , makes it very clear by saying , “ Its is not the first time ,when the wildlife has suffered due to us. But with the increase in the “usual business” , we will see continued declines in their population. But I think by now we have reached a certain point where there is not really any excuse to let this continue in the future!”
The Living Planet Report is published once in two years and the assessment by them is to provide a global knowledge about the wildlife habitat and the state of their life. This analysis includes 3,700 different species of Birds , Fish , Mammals , Amphibians and Reptiles which contribute to 6 per cent of total number of vertebrates in the world.
Their last report was published in the year 2014 , where in it was estimated that the World’s Wildlife Population has reached almost its half , that is the population has reached its average or had halved from the last 40 years. The authors of the report says it was to provide and make sure of the information about declines in the Wildlife.
Researchers has also come up with a detailed report of how the population sizes of every species has changed over time and how could it effect the ecosystem as a whole.
Hence the researchers have come up with the conclusion that the vertebrate population are declining by an average of 2 per cent every year.